|Series||Technical reports series,, 386, Technical reports series (International Atomic Energy Agency) ;, no. 386.|
|Contributions||International Atomic Energy Agency.|
|LC Classifications||TK9152.2 .D372 1998|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||205 p. :|
|Number of Pages||205|
|LC Control Number||98182602|
INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, Decommissioning of Nuclear Power Plants, Research Reactors and Other Nuclear Fuel Cycle Facilities, IAEA Safety Standards Series No. SSG, IAEA, Vienna (). Download to: EdNote BibTeX *use BibTeX for Zotero. This book critically reviews the nuclear decommissioning processes and technologies applicable to nuclear power plants and other civilian nuclear facilities. Part one focuses on the fundamental planning issues in starting a nuclear decommissioning process, from principles and safety regulations, to financing and project management. For many years, information recorded on decommissioning projects focused primarily on the decommissioning of power and research reactors rather than NFC facilities. The IAEA has compiled publications to assist in the decommissioning of nuclear facilities other than reactors (e.g. IAEA, , IAEA, b, IAEA, , IAEA, a). Worldwide, of the more than commercial nuclear power plants that are or have been in operation, about plants have been permanently shut down and are at some stage of decommissioning. About 10% of all shutdown plants have been fully decommissioned, including eight reactors of more than MWe. A larger number of various.
The retirement process for nuclear power plants involves disposing of nuclear waste and decontaminating equipment and facilities to reduce residual radioactivity, making it much more expensive and time consuming than retiring other power plants. As of , a total of 10 commercial nuclear reactors in the United States have been successfully. Of these civilian nuclear power reactors, are more than 30 years old and 24 are more than 40 years old (IAEA a). The average age of the civilian nuclear power reactors currently in operation is 27 years (IAEA a, WNA a). Many civilian nuclear power reactors will continue to operate safely beyond their original design life. Hunterston nuclear decommissioning. A nuclear power station which had been forced to reduce output in the last few years because of cracks in its core will begin the decommissioning process by Decommissioning of nuclear facilities other than reactors. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency, © (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, International government publication, Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: International Atomic Energy Agency, ISBN:
Nuclear power has been used as a source of energy for more than 50 years, and more than nuclear reactors have been constructed and operated worldwide. In addition to power plants, the nuclear fuel cycle requires different types of facilities to mine uranium, produce fresh nuclear fuel, and manage spent nuclear fuel and associated. nuclear power plant or of a source used for medical purposes. The facilities that use and handle radioactive material vary in size from large, complex sites, such as nuclear power plants and nuclear fuel cycle facilities, to smaller facilities such as research laboratories, manufacturing plants and university laboratories. In , nuclear reactors provided almost 11 % of the world’s electricity. Thirteen countries relied on nuclear energy to provide more than 25 % of their total electricity, led by France with % .Currently (March ) nuclear power reactors are in operation, with 66 new reactors under construction, mostly in China and Southeast Asia . This book critically reviews the nuclear decommissioning processes and technologies applicable to nuclear power plants and other civilian nuclear facilities. Part one focuses on the fundamental planning issues in starting a nuclear decommissioning process, from principles and safety regulations, to financing and project s: 2.